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1033 Words5 Pages. Ancient China had a well-developed economy. They provide certain guidelines of behaviour, certain codes of conduct with individuals are expected to follow. It is this kind of majestic sweep over the history of many sectors of the world that helps give weberian theory its enduring significance. Max Weber, (born April 21, 1864, Erfurt, Prussia [Germany]—died June 14, 1920, Munich, Germany), German sociologist and political economist best known for his thesis of the “ Protestant ethic ,” relating Protestantism to capitalism, and for his ideas on bureaucracy. At another level,- it is a study of how the west developed a distinctively rational religious system (Calvinism) that played a key role in the rise of a rational economic system (Capitalism). that inhibit the growth of a rational economic system. Max Weber (1864-1920) was one of the founding fathers of Sociology. Plagiarism Prevention 4. After the First World War, he was among the founders of the liberal German Democratic Party. (iv) It is not right to say that Weber maintained a thesis exactly opposite to Marx’s. Because according to Weber, the Confucian ethic would not permit this. The material world is de-emphasized. What are the Basic Characteristics of Family Institution. Weber also studied other societies in which he found- religious systems (for example, Confucianism, Judaism, Hinduism etc.) For instance, religion is used different amongst people of various class and statues. This is the religion of the Jews who originally inhabited the land of Palestine in West Asia. At one level, this is a series of studies of the relationship between religious ideas and the development of the spirit of capitalism. Religion is a social institution, because it includes beliefs and practices that serve the needs of society. Religion being a pervasive and universal institution is deeply rooted in human beings. The Sociology of religion by Weber is a piece with all his sociology. The basic theme of Weber’s sociology of religion is that there is direct link between the economic system and the practical ethics of community. Weber says, Judaism could have generated the spirit of capitalism. For the purposes of A level Sociology we can reduce Weber's extensive contribution to Sociology to three things: Firstly he argued that 'Verstehen' or empathatic… The influence of these religious doctrines on economy. His study says that religion which is based on cultural needs of man has now added new dimensions to human life and human development. Max Weber’s another contribution in the field of sociology is the theory of religion. Inter-relationship between Religious Ethics and Economy: Superficially, Religion and society seem poles apart. One of the major reasons behind Weber’s theory was the result of his endeavor to undertake a distinct and independent theoretical analysis of the social and political issues and his dissatisfaction with both Marxism and German historical economics and jurisprudence to solve these problems. Indeed, the spirit of capitalism would probably have been considered to be bad manners. The idea of ‘Dharma’, ‘Karma’, “punarjanma” made Indians defeatists and fatalists. By the term “religion” we mean a set of ideas and beliefs about the “supernatural” and its impact on the lives of human beings. Firstly, Weber argued that bureaucracy is "based on the general principle of precisely defined and organized across-the-board competencies of the various offices" which are "are underpinned by rules, laws, or administrative regulations." Report a Violation, Theory of Rational-Bureaucratic Society: Weber’s Classical Theory of Modernity. (iii) Weber’s study went wrong in certain respects. His study promulgates that how far a particular sect of religion can influence the economic behaviour of its followers.